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Record companies

Discography


Brain Salad Surgery were pressed and/or distributed over the years by various record companies in several countries.





AFRTS (United States)
AFRTS records were pressed in limited quantities on custom labels for their stations at military installations around the globe. In absolute numbers, they pressed very few copies which explain why they are difficult to find. Most were issued without covers and each LP typically featured one side each from two different artists because of storage limitations at most stations. Sometime the pairing of the two artists is almost bizarre.



ARIOLA (Germany)
Labelcode: LC 0116
German label founded by Bertelsmann in 1958
Parent label: BMG
Sublabels: Ariola (France), Ariola (Italy), Ariola Benelux, Ariola Eurodisc S.A., Ariola Records America, Ariola Records Ltd., Ariola-Athena, Baccarola, Eurodisc, Jupiter Records



ATLANTIC / ATCO (United States)
Labelcode: LC 0121
In 1947, Ahmet Ertegun and Herb Abramson started an independent jazz and R&B label in New York City which they named Atlantic Records. Growing from literally a one-room operation into one of the preeminent companies in the rapidly evolving music industry, the Atlantic label soon became recognized and revered around the world - a name synonymous with artistry and quality. Atlantic was purchased in 1967 by the Warner-Seven Arts Corporation. Atlantic/Atco, along with Warner Bros. Records, Inc./Reprise Records, were to be operated as separate record companies under this ownership umbrella. This continued until 1969, when Warner-Seven Arts was purchased by the Kinney Corporation. Warner Brothers and Atlantic were brought together, Ahmet Ertegun was given considerable power in the new operation and he, along with both the President and Chairman of Warner Bros. Records, served on a committee to oversee the record business. They oversaw the purchase of Elektra in 1970, leading to the creation of the Warner-Elektra-Atlantic (WEA) alliance and distribution network. Today, Atlantic remains a part of the Warner Music Group, and along with Elektra and Lava forms the Atlantic Music Group.
Parent label: Warner Music Group
Sublabels: 143 Records, 21 Records, Alston Records, ATCO Records, Atlantic Jazz, Atlantic Special, Big Beat, Brass Recordings, ClinTone Records, Cotillion, EastWest Records America, Elektra, First Priority Music, La Salle Records, Lava, Little David Records, Modern Records, Omni Recordings, Radio Records (US), Rhino Entertainment Company, Slip-N-Slide Records, Suite 2 Records



BMG (Germany)
Labelcode: LC 0316
In 1986 Bertelsmann buys remainder of RCA Records from General Electric; resulting music company is named Bertelsmann Music Group (BMG) in 1987. At present, BMG merged with Sony Music on August 5, 2004; resulting music company is named Sony BMG Music Entertainment Inc.
Sublabels: Ariola (Germany), Ariola Dance, Ariola Express, BMG (Denmark), BMG (France), BMG (Italy), BMG (Japan), BMG (Korea), BMG (Netherlands), BMG (Norway), BMG (Sweden), BMG Argentina, BMG Ariola (France), BMG Ariola (Spain), BMG Ariola (Switzerland), BMG Ariola A/S, BMG Ariola Austria GmbH, BMG Ariola Belgium NV/SA, BMG Ariola Benelux, BMG Ariola Discos, BMG Ariola Hamburg GmbH, BMG Ariola Hungary, BMG Ariola München GmbH, BMG Ariola Media GmbH, BMG Ariola Miller, BMG Ariola Oy, BMG Ariola CR/SR, BMG Berlin Musik GmbH, BMG Brasil, BMG Chile, BMG Classics, BMG Direct Marketing, Inc., BMG Entertainment Mexico, BMG Finland, BMG Heritage, BMG Kidz, BMG Music (Australia), BMG Music (New Zealand), BMG Music (Spain), BMG Music Canada, BMG Pacific Ltd., BMG Poland, BMG Records Africa, BMG Special Products, BMG UK & Ireland, BMG Video, BMG Wort, Buddha Records (2), Conquest, Deconstruction, Electrotunes, Für Elise, Full Scale Entertainment, GUN Records (2), Huge Entertainment, Inferno (2), King Size Records, Modul, RCA, Red Rooster Records, Satellite Records (UK), Savage Records, Sedona Recording Company, Wicklow, Zampano, Zoo Entertainment



CASTLE (United Kingdom)
Labelcode: LC6448
Castle Music is one of the leading mid-price re-issue labels in the market, covering all genres of popular music since the 1950s – rock, folk, singer-songwriter, punk, beat, soul, psychedelia, funk, indie, hip-hop, blues, even jazz. Each release is carefully compiled and remastered with deluxe packaging consisting of colour booklets, with rare photos and memorabilia and extensive liner notes by leading music writers as standard. Castle has many imprints and sublabels specializing in different genres, styles, reissue series, etc.
Parent label: Sanctuary Records (UK)
Sublabels: Castle Classics, Castle Communications (Australia) Ltd, Castle Pie, Castle Pulse, Castle Select, Cinephile, Dojo, Essential, Hendring, Massive Music Company, Raw Power (UK), Sequel Records, WGAF Records, When! Recordings



COLUMBIA HOUSE (United States/Canada)
Direct-mailing distributor of major label releases for many music labels. Usually keeps the original label's cat# and adds the "C" or "CRC" prefix to it. The US division of Columbia House is no longer active, but they are still maintaining operations in Canada.



Dischi Ricordi (Italy)
One of the most important Italian major labels, Dischi Ricordi S.p.A. was founded in 1962 and has been one of the driving forces behind the Italian music of all kinds. They also acted as distributors for some important foreign labels, like Island, Chrysalis, Mute and A&M.



DISCTRONICS (United States)
Disctronics is one of the largest independent CD and DVD disc manufacturers, with plants in the USA and Europe.



DISC UNION (Japan)
Well known record stores in Japan and manufacturer of the CD promotional boxes. They are huge in Tokyo. Virtual monopoly. They are also a distributor, but they do not have shops all across Japan. If you ever make it to Tokyo, Disc Union is amazing. The selection is just mind blowing.



ESSENTIAL (United Kingdom)
Labelcode: LC 6448 / LC06448
Sublabel of Castle Communications, specialising in reissues
Parent label: Castle Music / Castle Communications



2000 FRUITGUM CORP. (Australia)
Labelcode: LC 29037
An Australian independend label.



JUGOTON (Yugoslavia)
Jugoton was founded in 1947. Jugoton changes name to Croatia Records in 1990 and can look back on a half-century of being one of the prime movers and pioneers in the music industry.


LYNTONE (United Kingdom)
Lyntone is not a record label, but a manufacturer. Lyntone was the European licensee of the flexi-disc processed that was developed and patented Eva-Tone Soundsheets. All flexidisc record were made by Eva-Tone or one of their licencees (such as Lyntone). Due to low demand, Eva-Tone stopped making flexi-discs several years ago. However, Erika Records in Southern California has obtained the rights to manufacturer this format now.



Manticore Records (United Kingdom)
Label Code: LC 3042 / LC 03042
Manticore Records was the record label started by Emerson, Lake & Palmer's production company in 1973 which was distributed by Island Records until 1978 and later by WEA. In 1995 the Manticore back catalogue was licensed to Castle Communication.



MUSIC ON VINYL(The Netherlands)
Labelcode: LC 00162
Music on Vinyl is a vinyl only record label that releases high quality 180g LP and 7" vinyl pressings (with the best possible analogue masters available) of titles licensed from a wide range of record companies and artists who control their own repertoire. These will all be marketed under the Music on Vinyl brand, which vinyl lovers worldwide recognize as a trusted name providing a superb LP vinyl product.



ORRIZONTE (Italy)
Sublabel of Dischi Ricordi S.p.A. (Italy). A half-price series specialized in progressive rock and electronic music. Most Orizzonte ('horizon') albums had single covers, even when the originals were gatefold, with a triangular logo in front cover's upper left corner, and had an ORL catalogue number.
Parent label: Dischi Ricordi S.p.A. ,one of the most important Italian major labels. Dischi Ricordi S.p.A. was founded in 1962 and has been one of the driving forces behind the Italian music of all kinds. Particularly interested in promoting rock groups, they released some monuments of the italian prog scene. They also acted as distributors for some important foreign labels, like Island (with some unique italian pink Island issues), Chrysalis, Mute and A&M. Since 1994 Dischi Ricordi is part of the Bertelsmann BMG group.



PLATINUM (Thailand)
Platinum Marketing and Distribution Company Limited was established in June 2004, by a group of people from various music and business backgrounds. Platinum provides a complete service, for marketing, sales and distribution, of local and international product (physical and digital), throughout Thailand and internationally. The company is located in Bangkok.



RHINO (United States)
Formed as a novelty company more than 25 years ago in the back of a Santa Monica record store, Rhino has become the world's leading pop culture label. Emphasizing flawless sound quality, bonus tracks, informative liner notes, award-winning creative packaging, an offbeat sense of humor, and a strong social conscience, Rhino continues to set the standard for excellence in the reissue business it started. In 1986, they entered into a distribution deal with Capitol, and started using Capitol's 5-digit numbering system (generally starting with a 7). This 5-digit series continued when Rhino was purchased by Warner in 1992. For reissues of older titles, a 70 (or for CDs, 75) was added to the beginning of the original 3-digit number. For some early Capitol releases, several prefixes above were used with the 5-digit number. But for most of them - and for all of the Warner releases - they used following prefixes (several of which were added as new formats were created over the years): R0 - 12", R1 - LP, R2 - CD, R3 - VHS. R4 - Cassette, R7 - 7", R9 - DVD
Parent label: Warner Music Group
Sublabels: Flashback Records, Kid Rhino, Rhino Handmade, Rhino Movie Music, Rhino Special Products



SANCTUARY (United Kingdom)
Sanctuary Records (UK) is Sanctuary Group's expanding contemporary full price label which continues to attract leading worldwide high calibre acts. The Sanctuary Group has many imprints and sublabels specializing in different genres, styles, reissue series, etc.
Sublabels: Antidote, Attack Records (UK), Castle Music / Castle Communications, Clockwork Recordings UK, Discotheque, Earmark, Fab-U-Lus Records, Fantastic Plastic Records, Mayan Records, Metal-is Records, Noise International, Rough Trade (UK), Sanctuary Midline, Sanctuary Records (US), Sanctuary Visual Entertainment, Slogan Records, Trojan Records



SCORPIO RECORDS (Indonesia)
An Indonesian (possibly bootleg) label.



SHOUT! FACTORY (United States)
Shout! Factory is an entertainment company founded in 2003 and which was started by Richard Foos (co-founder of Rhino Records), Bob Emmer (former Warner Music Group and Rhino executive) and Garson Foos (former Rhino executive). It focuses on enriched music catalog reissues, home video/DVD projects, and television properties. Shout! Factory CD products are distributed by Sony BMG Music Entertainment.



SUZY (Yugoslavia)
Discography, recording studio, production and event organization in Zagreb since 1972.



UNIVERSAL MUSIC GROUP (United States)
Universal Music Group (UMG) is the largest business group and family of record labels in the recording industry. With a 25.5% market share, it is one of the Big Four record labels. It is a wholly owned subsidiary of Vivendi. Universal Studios, the movie studio, was sold in part to NBC, which itself is part of General Electrics. UMG owns the largest music publishing business in the world, Universal Music Publishing Group, following the acquisition of BMG Music Publishing in May 2007. Vivendi's headquarters are in Paris, France. In the United States, UMG is located in Santa Monica, California, and New York City, New York along with Universal Music Group Nashville; in the UK the group has a number of offices in London and Romford.



VICTOR (Japan)
Victor Entertainment is a large Japanese label by electronic giant JVC.
Sublabels: Aosis Next, Invitation, JVC Victor, Re-Wind Recordings Inc., Speedstar, Taishita, Teichiku Entertainment, Victor Musical Industries, Victory Music



VICTORY (United States)
Victory Music launched in 1991 as a new label and was headed by former top executive at Atlantic Records, Phil Carson. Distributed in the UK and the rest of the world by London Records, and in the USA by Polygram Records. Victory Music went bust around late 1994. European releases distributed by London Records used London Records catalog numbers. Some US releases used a Polygram catalog number but most used it's own catalog number with this format: "383 480 nnn-f" where "nnn" are the release number starting with 001 and "f" are the format code, 2 for CD, 4 for Cassette.



SONY MUSIC ENTERTAINMENT (United States)
Sony Music Entertainment (SME) is an United States music corporation owned and operated by Sony Corporation of America, a subsidiary of Japanese Sony Corporation. In 1929, it was founded as American Record Corporation (ARC) and later called Columbia Recording Corporation.
In 2004, SME and Bertelsmann Music Group merged as Sony BMG Music Entertainment.
SME is middle-sized of the "Big Three" record companies, with Universal Music Group (the largest) and Warner Music Group.



LEGACY RECORDINGS (United States)
Legacy Recordings is Sony Music Entertainment's catalog division. It was founded in 1990 by CBS Records (renamed Sony Music in 1991) under the leadership of Jerry Shulman, Richard Bauer, Gary Pacheco and Amy Herot to handle reissues of recordings from the vast catalogues of Columbia Records, Epic Records and associated labels.



RAZOR & TIE (United States)
Razor & Tie is a New York-based corporation founded in 1990 by Cliff Chenfeld and Craig Balsam. The company encompasses a record label with major label distribution (Sony Music Entertainment and Sony-owned RED Distribution), a home video company, a media buying company, a music publishing business, a marketing, promotion and sales team, and a direct marketing operation.





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